One thing I've never fully understood about Medium is the role and origin of 'publications'. I have posted material in publications and I get that they provide subject specific niches. But if I wanted to create my own publication for a niche I believe is underrepresented on the platform, how do I go abouit it?

Frederick, I found Kardeshev Technologies. I found the written content almost impossible to read because of the lack of contrast between the text and the background. Maybe you are able to influence the web designer to correct that? As for what they do, I am wholly supportive. I don't think that alters my reaction to your claim. Nothing can be made useful to humanity - to sustain life - without the input of human labour. That is an inescapable fact.

The problem here, is that groceries are real. But stocks are not! Their price goes up and down based on the performance of the issuing organisation. CPI IS the real measure of inflation for ordinary people. It's a true measure of their purchasing power for the majority of their day-to-day purchases. What you are talking about applies only to the very rich.

Further down the article you talk about 'free money' being handed out to people whose incomes have been devastated by the pandemic. They are not going to go out and purchase stocks, as you assert. They need that 'free money' to purchase groceries. Without it most would be relying on food banks.

What is your normal? Are you living it now? Do you want to escape from it or preserve it?

Image from

As more of us get vaccinated we can start looking forward to returning to normal. That idea made me think about other occasions when people celebrated a potential return to normal. Like the end of war in Europe in May of 1945. I’m not old enough to remember — I was 3 years old at the time — but, like you, I’ve seen the photographs and the newsreel footage. People went wild with joy at the ending of almost six years of warfare and the possibility of life returning to something resembling what they thought of as normal.

But for…

And there is, surely, the fundamentally important consideration of context, or, I should say, environment. Darwin talked about the fitness of a genetic strand to survive the conditions prevailing in any particular place and time, not the more generalised notion of 'fitness' which some interpreters presume, leading to inappropriate conclusions about evolution.

It seems strange that astrobiologists would confine their thinking to (a) the limited and limiting environment of planet Earth and (b) the infinite universe. Should we not at least begin to think constructively and creatively about our immediate environment beyond the surface of our planet? We have the ability to park habitable objects in orbit around the Earth, or around the Sun, to provide a possible way for our civilisation to continue and grow without destroying the Earth's ability to sustain us.

The essence of my unbelief

Image by Jan Canty at Unspplash

Let me begin by stating what I do believe. I believe it is not impossible that the universe as we perceive it was created by a super-intelligent being. I do not believe that being, if it exists, is a ‘god’.

Why? Because, as I understand it, a god has a number of attributes which I find impossible to believe in. What are these attributes?

  • A god controls what happens on the part of the planet where I happen to be at any given time — a rain god, for example.
  • Humans can influence the gods’ behaviour by performing certain rituals…

The Brexit threat to Welsh ports.

A vessel on the route from Rosslare to Dunkirk. Image from DFDS

As Brexit negotiations rumble on, way beyond the eleventh hour, it seems clear that whatever deal is reached between the UK and EU, if any, it will not offer the ‘frictionless trade’ that Theresa May promised to UK businesses a little over two years ago. That has all manner of serious consequences. One that appears to have been largely overlooked in the UK is the impact on Welsh ports.

The Irish call it ‘the land bridge’. It’s the route from Ireland to continental Europe, via ferry ports in Wales and the UK roads network, to Dover and other ports serving…

Or it can be for us writers.

The cover of my book Summer Day showing a boy and his (female) dog.

The two principal protagonists in one of my novels are a boy and his dog. Except that the dog is female so she is frequently referred to by other characters as ‘the bitch’. An American writer, in a review of the book posted recently on Goodreads and Amazon, took me to task for this because, the reviewer claimed, the word is offensive to 330 million Americans who are used to its misuse in a derogatory reference to a woman.

I carried out a straw poll among fellow authors from around the world and discovered none who agreed.

Of course, it…

Old enough to remember Bebop

This study of Dizzy Gillespie is from the camera of staffer Bill Gottlieb, depicting the be-bopper’s characteristic hat, spectacles, horn, goatee and slouch. |Image available from the United States Library of Congress’s Music Division under the digital ID gottlieb.03091.

Born during WWII and brought up in the countryside close to the border between England and Wales. Attended boarding school in Surrey. Engineering apprenticeship followed by a long career in design and project administration. Served as a Councillor in NE Lincolnshire 1985–91.

Places I’ve lived/worked: Hereford, Coventry, Cleethorpes, a village between Hull and York, all in England. Durban, South Africa. Now residing in a small town in the Irish midlands.

Married 1963, became a dad 1965, granddad 1994.

Self published first novel 2010, four more published since, plus one non-fiction.

Genres: historical fiction, focusing on Irish history and England in…

Frank Parker

Frank is a retired Engineer from England now living in Ireland. He is trying to learn and share the lessons of history.

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